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Staff Staking Buffers

Staff Staking Buffers

The Buffers Program is intended to help control nutrients such as: Nitrogen (N), Prosperous (P), Potassium (K) and runoff from farm fields into waterways on the Reservation such as Duck Creek and Oneida Creek. When Nutrients like N, P, and K reach waterways they can cause problems such as an algae bloom, which in turn can deplete the oxygen supply and carrying capacity of the water body for fish and other animals. Likewise, after a storm when the runoff from the farm fields reaches the waterway, it can be carrying a lot of sediment. This sediment then can be deposited in the stream bed and can potentially bury spawning areas for fish and invertibrates that are food for fish. Sediment in the waterways can also increases the temperature of cool water trout stream by absorbing more of the suns energy, making them unsuitable for trout to inhabit.

A buffer is a grass strip, typically 35 feet wide minimum, planted along a waterway. The buffer is then no longer farmed for crop production. The grasses that are planted in these buffer areas are a mix of brome grass, red clover, and Timothy. This mixture is intended to maximize the amount of N, P, and K uptake out of the runoff before the water reaches the waterways. After the buffers are installed they are maintained every other year by mowing to keep a good grass base and to keep woody plants, such as willow, out of the buffer areas.

To learn more about buffers, contact Jon Habeck at 920-869-4560.

Compliance Assistance

Compliance AssistanceThe Compliance Assistance Program is administered through the Oneida Environmental, Health and Safety Division, Environmental Quality Department. Conducted under an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Underground Storage Tank DITCA award, and in cooperation with the EPA, the Oneida Tribe provides compliance assistance to owners and operators of federally regulated tanks within the Oneida Reservation. Compliance assistance is an effort to increase the rate of significant operational compliance within the Oneida Reservation. By providing compliance assistance, owners and operators are taught to recognize potential non-compliance issues and correct them prior to federal inspection.




For more information about this program please contact Michael Arce at 920-869-4559 or [email protected]

UST Compliance Assistance Handbook

UST Facilities Map

Cultural Plants & Gathering

bergamot harvest

Oneida Tribal members can join staff for seasonal  outings for gathering sweet grass and Wild Bergamot (#6) for personal use.

Wild Bergamot is harvested in July and sweet grass in August.

Watch our webpage and like our Facebook page (Oneida Environmental, Health, Safety and Land Division) for dates at the end of summer!


Now AvailableWant to learn more about historical plant uses? Explore 184 plants and trees of Oneida on our web based Culturally Significant Plants of Oneida Web Book

For more information on these projects contact  Sylvia Cornelius, Eco Services Dept Manager at (920) 869-4570 or [email protected]

Environmental Health

Environmental health is concerned with aspects of the natural and built environment that may affect your health. It address physical, chemical, & biological factors. Examples of the types of issues we work on include; food safety, body art, air quality, hazardous waste, substandard housing, injury prevention, and the prevention of communicable disease.

 Program Goals

  • Prevent foodborne and waterborne illness
  • Enforce Oneida Food Service Code
  • Prevent dog bites through proper pet health and behaviors
  • Prevent injury in the community

Program Activities

  • Food Safety Training
  • Food service inspections and licensing
  • Swimming lake water quality monitoring
  • Manage Pet Safety Program
  • Park and recreational safety inspections



Tree and forest management is completed on the Oneida Reservation with the following benefits in mind.

 • Improve wildlife habitat
 • Treat and/or remove dead/dying trees.
 • Establish new and diverse tree/forest resources.
 • Preservation of culturally endangered, threatened or rare vegetation

• Issue and monitor Wood Cutting Permits

Pest Alerts
~ Emerald Ash Borer
It has been confirmed by the Wisconsin Department of Trade and Consumer Protection and the Wisconsin DNR, of the Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) presence in Wisconsin. The EAB is an invasive insect pest of ash trees and it is prohibited to move firewood across county lines to help control the spread.  

For more information, please contact the Oneida Nation Forester, Melissa Johnson at (920) 869-4582.

Hunt & Fish

Oneida Hunting & Fishing Regulations are available on the following link and online at the Oneida website under Government/Oneida Register/ Laws and Policies.  Oneida Hunting Fishing Trapping Law  

The regulation book, will be distributed at the Oneida Conservation Department at N8047 Cty U, Oneida, when an Oneida Sportsman License is issued.

Any questions, please contact the Oneida Conservation Department at (920) 869-1450.


An Oneida Sportsman License is required for: small game hunting, waterfowl hunting, deer hunting (archery and firearm), trapping and fishing, within the exterior boundaries of the reservation.  An Oneida Sportsman License is availabe to enrolled members of the Oneida Tribe of Indians of WI, Spouses/Descendants of enrolled members of the Oneida Tribe of Indians of WI, and enrolled members of other Federally recognized Tribes (Other Affiliation).

All licenses expire August 31 of each year.  License may be obtained from the Conservation Department located at N8047 Cty Rd U, Oneida.

License Requirement

  • Must be 12 years of age or older.
  • Must have completed a Hunter’s Safety Course, if born on or after January 1, 1973.

Enrolled members of the Oneida Tribe of Indians of WI:

  • Must provide his/her Tribal Identification Card.
  • and Hunter’s Safety Card if born on or after January 1, 1973.

Spouses/Descendants of enrolled members of the Oneida Tribe of Indians of WI:

  • Must Provide his/her Non-Oneida Sportsman Identification Card.
  • and Hunter’s Safety Card if born on or after January 1, 1973.

Enrolled members of other Federally Recognized Tribe:

  • Must provide his/her Tribal Identification Card.
  • and Hunter’s Safety Card if born on or after January 1, 1973.

Fee (Oneida Sportsman License)

$10.00 Enrolled members of the
Oneida Tribe of Indians of WI
FREE Enrolled Elder/Disabled members
of the Oneida Tribe of Indians of WI
$15.00 Spouses/Descendants of enrolled members
of the Oneida Tribe of Indians of WI
(1/2 price for Elder)
$25.00 Other Affiliation (1/2 price for Elder)

(Elder = Person’s who are 55 yrs. of age or older.)

Invasive Species


The main goal of the Oneida Environmental, Health & Safety’s Invasive Species Program is to help maintain biodiversity. We do this through the control of invasive species. These non-native plants, animals and pathogens displace native species, disrupt ecosystems, and can harm recreational activities such as fishing, boating, and hiking. They also damage commercial, agricultural, and aquaculture resources. Because they lack the predators and competitors they faced in their homelands, invasive species can spread rapidly and aggressively. By controlling invasive species, we hope to favor native species, allowing them to re-establish diverse communities and benefit the other organisms that depend on them.

The public can help by contacting us with information regarding where invasive plants are growing or with any questions. You can also assist by volunteering at events set up to control invasive species.

For more information about invasive plants contact Tony Kuchma, Wetland Project Manager at 920-869-4592. 

More Links to information:

WI DNR’s Invasive Species Website

Wisconsin Manual of Control Recommendations for Ecologically Invasive Plants

Weed identification and management

Protect trees, forests and your community

Protect your water and stop aquatic hitchhikers

What you can do

Indoor Air Quality

We usually think of air pollution as an outdoor problem-car exhaust and smokestacks and such. Surprisingly, the air you breathe in your own home may be even more polluted than outside air. Home indoor air pollutants can cause health problems, even if you are exposed to some pollutants for a short time. Symptoms range from allergic reactions (sneezing, coughing, watery eyes) to headaches, nausea, and fatigue. Some pollutants have even been linked to cancer and other serious illnesses. Some of the indoor air pollutants are mold, lead based paint, asbestos, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, and secondhand smoke. 
For more information go to: 
EPA Mold, Moisture and Your Home Brochure
Identify and Eliminate Mold
Asbestos in the Home: A Homeowner’s Guide
Make Your House a Healthy Home
More information on Radon

Contact Al Baird, Industrial Hygienist at 920-869-4554 or [email protected] for more information about indoor air quality.

Natural Areas & Trails

wooded trail2011 Map of Trails and Natural Areas Enjoy, Explore and Embrace Oneida! View and print our map featuring the Oneida Reservations 14 parks, 19 trails and 9 natural areas.  Included on the map are a legend denoting the features and allowed activities of all trails and natural areas.  Explore the natural wonders of our land, find your favorite fishing hole, and discover nature on walking and biking trails.  Tribal lands are for the exclusive use of Oneida Tribal Members. Folded map printed on heavy duty paper are available by stopping in the Natural Resources office N8047 County U or by contacting [email protected] with your mailing address. 

2015 Natural Areas & Trails Guide
The natural resources of the Oneida Nation are a valued and essential component to our people and their distinct way of life.  The use of the parks, trails, and natural areas provide a prime opportunity to promote an active lifestyle and enjoy the natural world.  The protection and enhancement of the natural resources is one of the Nation’s highest priorities for our community and future generations.  With this in mind, the Nation would like to “Invite Our People Back to Our Land” and experience the interaction with nature, new respect for the land, and knowledge of the existing environmental communities.

*Motorized Vehicle Disclaimer– Most of Oneidas Natural Areas are not open to motorized vehicles usage. Please contact Oneida Conservation at (920) 869-1450 prior to use of an ATV or snowmobile to be sure the area is currently open to such use.

* NOTE As of Feb 2015 Site 2 and Foxtails are currently closed to motorized vehicles at this time.

Find the historical 2006 Natural Areas and Trails Guide here Natural Areas Trail Guide

Oneida Lake

Enjoying your visit to Onyota’a:ka Lake

No Smoking            

lake-no-smoking-4The Environmental Resource Board recently met to address a number of concerns and complaints to EHSD and ERB concerning smoking on the beach and near the restroom at Onyata’a:ka Lake,  as well as complaints concerning cigarette butts disposed of on the beach and in the lake.  The Board agreed that smoking should not be allowed in the areas most frequented by families and children.  As of August 22, 2016 there will be No Smoking allowed within 30 feet of the beach and the restrooms.  Smoking is still allowed in other areas of the lake.  Please be respectful and dispose of your butts properly.No Smoking






Summer Lake Update

The Oneida community has been enjoying many of the recreational properties of the Oneida Reservation this summer, including the new Onyota’a:ka Lake. As part of the efforts to keep the property safe and enjoyable for all users the Onyota’a:ka Lake team would like remind all that the use of alcohol and fireworks/open fires is prohibited. The lake, as well as all Oneida recreational areas, belongs to the community to be shared, and the opportunities for activities are to be enjoyed in a respectful manner. Additionally, camping and use of any motor vehicles on grounds is prohibited. The Onyota’a:ka Lake team is pursuing further expansion of the property and amenities, which will include park equipment and complete camping opportunities as the lake site continues to develop in the future. Violations of any of these prohibitions, or others including leaving rubbish, bringing domestic animals or damage to property may carry forfeitures of $300 – $900. We thank everyone for responsibly sharing the recreational areas, and invite youth and elders, families and friends to enjoy the scenic landscapes. The Oneida Nation has many resources and strives to create a beautiful and healthy environment for our community. Yaw^ko and enjoy your summertime activities!

Kayakers enjoy the water of Oneida Lake in June of 2015.

Kayakers enjoy the water of Oneida Lake in June of 2015.

Oneida Lake Fishery Info

The Water Resources program conducted the first fishery survey of Oneida Lake in early June 2016, with the cooperative assistance of fisheries biologists from the US Fish and Wildlife Service – Green Bay Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office. The purpose of the survey was to develop baseline information to help guide decisions about fishing regulations and future stocking efforts.

Oneida Lake fishery survey June 2016

Oneida Lake fishery survey June 2016

 To survey the fishery, we set three nets overnight and we also electrofished the shallows around lake. This is done with a boat that is rigged with two booms that are lowered into the water to deliver a current which temporarily stuns the fish. The fish are then collected by net and placed into a tank on the boat where they quickly recover. At the end of a 10-minute run, we stop shocking and identify and measure the total length of each fish before releasing back to the lake. The nets were checked the next morning and all the fish identified and measured. This type of survey can provide general information about the makeup of the fishery and whether or not there is a good distribution of sizes/ages. While other surveys are designed to also provide an estimate of the number of fish of each species (population size), this survey can’t really provide that type of information.

See chart below for results.  

Chart showing distribution of fish species in Oneida Lake.
Chart showing distribution of fish species in Oneida Lake.

Very productive areas include the rockpiles as well as sandbar areas where there is a lot of vegetation.

The water temperature at the surface on the morning of Friday June 3 was 73.4 F – very warm!

   This survey is the first step in developing recommendations to improve the fishery, which the Water Resources and Conservation departments can develop with guidance from US FWS. This will include recommendations for stocking as well as regulations regarding harvest.

Pollution Prevention

The Pollution Prevention program is intended to reduce and ultimately eliminate the generation of waste; promote the use of greener substances; conserve natural resources; and ensure proper recycle and disposal techniques by the Tribal community and organization through education, outreach and integrating pollution prevention techniques. The goals of the program are to increase the recycle rate, conduct education and outreach, hold a successful Household Clean Sweep annually for Oneida Tribal Members on the reservation, and implement proper disposal of all wastes for the Tribal organization. 

Solid Waste Disposal


 Type of Waste  Example  Disposal Location(s)

Renewable Energy

Project Information

  • The Energy Optimization Model was a renewable energy assessment report that was completed in 2014.
  • The work was funded by a Department of Energy grant.
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the local energy sources – solar, wind, and biomass (trees and grasses) – to provide evidence of future opportunities that Oneida may pursue if they chooses to invest in renewable energy sources.
  • Each energy source has its own set of advantages and disadvantages.

Energy Source Descriptions


  • The wind in Oneida is classified as moderate at about 12 miles per hour on average. This means that wind is available, but an investment needs careful consideration.
  • A small wind turbine is able to provide energy for one of a few buildings. Small wind is convenient for individual homeowners and businesses, however permitting can limit the turbines placement, turbine construction is high priced, and operations & maintenance can be costly on an annual basis.
  • A large wind turbine can provide enough power for 200 to 400 homes. Community wind is a popular trend for many communities across the country, where less than five turbines are constructed to offset energy costs. Large wind is typically plugged into the utility transmission system and sold to the utility. Large wind is subject to strict state energy policies and the utility’s demand for energy that is produced by external sources. Usually, energy is approximately sold for a wholesale amount which greatly affects the decision to invest.


  • Biomass includes trees, grass, and certain crop products. Trees are not very prevalent in Oneida, but there is potential to use cropland as a source of annual energy products such as Switchgrass.
  • Northeast Wisconsin contains much more cropland than timber land. The closest, significant source for timber is northern Wisconsin. Transporting biomass resources great distances is expensive.
  • Research is providing evidence that certain grass species can be harvested and used for heat. Two to four acres of Switchgrass contains enough energy to heat a home over a winter season. Challenges do exist…..for example, grass products produce a lot of ash and wood or pellet stoves are not equipped to manage a lot of ash.


  • Solar has often been thought to be too expensive and not useful in Wisconsin. Our climate and latitude does not make for perfect conditions to support solar, however prices have dropped considerably in the last 10 years making it a technology to consider.
  • Solar availability is measured in hours per day. Arizona, for example, is the sunniest state in the country with about 7.5 hours of sun per day. Wisconsin is at about 4.2 hours per day, almost half as much!
  • However, considering that prices are 60% less than what they were 10 years ago, it’s getting increasingly affordable.
  • Another advantage is that the size of a solar project can be very flexible….you can build as small or as large as you want, with space and budget the limiting factors.
  • Solar can be connected directly to the circuit panel in the building.
  • There are other challenges…..code and utility policies can put requirements and limits on the project.
  • Systems can be ground or roof mounted, so a system must be installed with care and attention to detail.

Bottom Line

  • The bottom line…..there are no local fossil fuel sources. All coal, natural gas, and oil are imported to Wisconsin.
  • All renewable technologies have to be designed properly and appropriately to be effective and affordable. 
  • Market forces will have a strong influence on choices that are made.
  • If there is any desire to start treading a path toward a clean energy economy, steps need to be taken.
  • This will be a slow transition and each of these technologies will have to play a role.
  • For starters, evidence suggests that solar is a near-term solution; wind and biomass will soon follow.

For more information about these different resources, please click on these links:



To learn more about the project findings, please click this link to the final report…..Oneida Nation Wisconsin Renewable Energy Opportunities

 Anna John Resident Centered Care Community

AJRCCC solar airphotoSystem

InfAJRCCC solar arrayormation

  • This solar hot water system has been operational since 2014. There are 48 collectors in this system. There are 4 storage tanks with a total capacity of 2,000 gallons of hot water.

It is providing about 50% of the hot water that is consumed at the AJRCCC.


Click this link to read the 2014 project update for this solar hot system….06-2014_AJRCCC-SolarThermalProjectUpdate

Click this link to see the energy report for the system…..System Energy Report


The Safety Program was established in 1991. The goal of the program is reduce the number of injuries and near misses to tribal employees. Safety regulations were adopted and passed by the Oneida Business Committee Resolution BC-10-2-A.

Program Goals

  • Employees in the workplace have the skills to recognize hazards
  • Exposure to hazards in the workplace are reduced
  • Compliance with Oneida Safety Law
  • Managers and Supervisors understand they are responsible for the safety of the employees under their charge

Program Activities

The department provides the following training; emergency planning, fire & extinguisher use, hazard communication, extreme weather, school intruder, active shooter training, and general safety. We also work with the Tribal Safety Team. Other members include; Risk Management, Gaming Safety, Department of Public Works,   Employee Health Nursing, and a Human Resources Department representative. The team work on several issues– like the Slip, Trip and Fall Campaign during the winter season. The Driver Policy updated version should be passed before the end of 2013. The department also works with Environmental Protection Agency’s Lead in Paint Grant Program.


Water Resources

The Oneida Reservation is drained by four major streams. Duck Creek and its tributaries (Oneida Creek, Fish Creek, Silver Creek, and Trout Creek) drain nearly 70 percent of the Reservation. Dutchman Creek drains 20 percent, and Lancaster Brook, with the headwaters of Ashwaubenon Creek and the South Branch of the Suamico River drain the rest of the land (USGS Report 00-4179).

At this time, the main sources of impairment are sedimentation (agricultural and residential construction) and nutrients (agriculture, suburban lawns, golf courses). Loss of hydrologic function from tiling and ditching has resulted in reduced flows in Reservation streams.

Several programs within the EH&S Division work in partnership to ensure the integrity of the surface waters of the Reservation by managing the quantity and quality of storm water runoff; defining, restoring, and enhancing the functions of the watershed/sub-watershed system of the Reservation, including wetlands; and, restoring and protecting aquatic habitats in the waters of the Reservation.  

Click here to see the real time gaging station on Duck Creek:  

Click here to see the Water Quality Assessment Report for April 1st, 2015 thru March 31, 2017.


For more information about the surface waters of the Reservation, please call Jim Snitgen, Water Resources Supervisor at (920) 869-4589 or Melis Arik, Water Resources Specialist at (920) 869-4566.



The Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin, Environmental Health and Safety Division, is developing a Tribal Environmental Response Program (TERP) with a Brownfield 128(a) grant from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

The TERP is intended to address non-emergency releases of hazardous and regulated materials to the environment. The TERP will maintain an inventory of these sites, keep a public record of planned response actions to these sites, conduct oversight and when able enforcement of response actions, and verify that response actions are appropriate and compete. Additionally, the TERP is providing meaningful opportunities for the public to participate in the selection of sites to be addressed, to assist in identifying previously unknown concerns, and assist in identifying appropriate reuses of properties that have been cleaned up.

One of the goals of the Tribal Environmental Response Program, is to provide a public record of sites where activities have been overseen by the TERP. This record includes the general site location, date of TERP notification to, type of TERP response, material released, environmental impact, and TERP actions. This record also provides a listing of “historical sites” that are frequently brought to the attention of the TERP. To view this “Public Record”, please follow the TERP Public Record link.

For more information about this program you can visit:
or contact [email protected] (920) 869-4548

TERP Public Record 2017

Former Town of Oneida Dump Site

Contaminated Soil Removed at Two Local Sites


Long regarded as wastelands, wetlands are now recognized as important features in the landscape that provide numerous beneficial services for people and for fish and wildlife. Some of these services, or functions, include protecting and improving water quality, providing fish and wildlife habitats, storing floodwaters, and maintaining surface water flow during dry periods. These beneficial services, considered valuable to societies worldwide, are the result of the inherent and unique natural characteristics of wetlands.



Areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.” 

There are approximately 1,600 acres of wetlands on the Oneida Reservation. If you think you may have a wetland on your property, contact the Wetland Program Coordinator, Tony Kuchma at 869-4592. Wetland determinations and wetland delineations can be performed for Tribal members living on the Reservation at no cost.  

For more information on wetland soils click on the USDA hydric soils link below:

To use an interactive mapping tool showing where wetlands are likely to be found click on the WI DNR surface water data viewer link below:

For information on wetland permitting click on the Army Corps of Engineers link below:

For additional information on the types of wetlands found in our area and the plants that grow in them, click on the link below:

Additional/Contact Info